How to Make Compost – Useful Tips

How to Make Compost – Useful Tips

Any gardener who likes gardening the organic way would definitely opt for organic compost instead of using chemical or commercially available fertilizers.

It is so because the vegetables and fruits that are grown using chemical fertilizers will not be healthy as they would carry chemicals too.

Types of ingredients in compost

When thinking about how to make compost, one might also wonder what goes into it. Actually, three major types of ingredients are used. One is the green color of organic waste matter that is nitrogen-rich, the brown color of organic waste matter that is carbon-rich, air and water.

The green color organic waste matter includes peels of vegetables, fruits, kitchen scraps, and other waste from the kitchen (except greasy and meat products).

The green color waste can also include manure of animals on the farm (including poultry). But care should be taken not to introduce cat and dog waste into the compost as they might carry bacterial infestations.

The brown color organic waste can include cardboard, paper, sawdust, twigs, branches (smaller in size), and wood shavings.

Air circulation is very important as it fastens the composting process. Water should be added in the right quantities to the compost heap so that it is not too dry or too wet.

Learning how to composting

When learning how to make compost, it can be created in a bin or tumbler or even outdoors. It all depends on the available space. When composting, care should be taken to add equal quantities of brown matter and green matter.

Manure or garden soil can be added to make the composting process fast. Water should be added at correct intervals just enough to moisten the compost mixture.

The compost heap or pile should be turned on and off so that air circulates properly. Otherwise, it can be left to decompose all by itself and in about two to six months’ time, the organic compost would be ready to use.